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急剎車,這種操作很危險 -Sudden braking, a very dangerous maneuver

作者:廣州星展汽車配件有限公司 瀏覽: 發表時間:2019-04-10 14:40:41

急剎車,這種操作很危險


日常行車中,遇到緊急情況時我們都會急踩剎車踏板,這是司機的本能反應。


但是,無論是對汽車還是對車內乘員來說,急剎車的危害很大,可能會造成車輛和人員傷害,甚至導致發生追尾等交通事故。下面,我們就來看看急剎車有哪些具體的危害,以及如何避免急剎車。


1

急剎車損傷車輛

急剎車對車輛損傷很大,主要表現在造成輪胎和剎車片的嚴重磨損、底盤懸架系統的沖擊變形以及傳動系統的沖擊損壞等。


急剎車對輪胎的損傷最嚴重,特別是高速行車時的急剎車,可能會導致輪胎局部磨損嚴重,高速行駛時會出現很大的輪胎噪聲,甚至嚴重影響輪胎壽命。

急剎車對剎車片的損傷也很嚴重,可能會導致剎車片偏磨,縮短剎車片的使用壽命。

2

急剎車容易導致乘員受傷

急剎車可能會對車內乘員造成一定的傷害,如果乘員沒有系安全帶,后果可能會很嚴重。


據報道,一輛裝有鋼管的貨車在高速行駛時因遇突發情況而緊急剎車,造成方向失控,駕駛室內三人受傷嚴重;某公交車司機緊急剎車,造成車內乘客的嘴磕到前面的座位而受傷;一輛高速行駛的小汽車,因為急剎車撞到公路護欄上,損傷嚴重。由此可見,無論是什么類型的車輛,急剎車都可能對車內乘員造成傷害。


急剎車時,車輛還容易出現側滑的情況,方向失去控制,導致發生交通事故。如果前面的車急剎車,后車跟車太近或反應慢,就會造成追尾事故,也會出現人員的傷亡。

3

如何避免急剎車

急剎車是在迫不得已的情況下采取的措施,通常出現在高速行駛中。日常行車中,注意以下幾點就可以避免或減少急剎車情況的出現。


◆ 遵守交通規則,不超速、文明駕駛不搶道。跟車行駛時,保持適當的安全車距。

不隨意變道,路口遇到信號燈不搶行,注意主動避讓非機動車和行人,特別是下雨天等視線不清晰的時候。

◆ 集中精力,駕駛時不接聽手機,視線始終不離開前方,隨時注意道路狀況,警惕可能出現的情況。

◆ 養成良好的駕駛習慣很重要,如果開車時三心二意,一旦出現情況就容易慌張,甚至將油門踏板當成剎車踏板,造成更大的事故。如果對駕駛的車輛不熟悉,駕駛時就更容易出錯。應注意區分自動擋與手動擋車輛的踏板位置,把油門踏板和剎車踏板區分清楚,遇上緊急情況時就能避免操作失誤



從上面的介紹可以看出,急剎車有很多危害,應盡量避免。遵守交通規則和養成良好的駕駛習慣,遇到情況有意識地提前減速和預剎車,這些是避免出現急剎車的基本原則。


如果是新車或剛更換過剎車片,剎車盤和剎車片還處于磨合期,剎車系統還沒有達到最佳工作狀態,就更應避免急剎車。另外,剎車片等剎車部件是日常行駛中使用最為頻繁的部件之一,應定期維護保養,更換配件時應選擇高品質的產品,以免留下故障隱患。

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Sudden braking, a very dangerous   maneuver

In everyday driving, we would all slam on the brake pedal in case of emergency. This is the instinctive response of the driver. 

However, for both the vehicle and the occupant of the vehicle, sudden braking is very dangerous, which may cause damage to the vehicle and person, and even results in traffic accidents such as rear-end collisions. Next, let's talk about the specific hazards of sudden braking and how to avoid sudden braking.


1

Sudden braking may damage the vehicle

Sudden braking causes major damage to the vehicle, which is mainly reflected in the severe wear of the tires and the brake pads, the impact deformation of the chassis suspension system, and the impact damage of the transmission system.


◆ Sudden braking causes the most serious damage to the tires, especially during high-speed driving. It may result in severe local tire wear, high tire noise during high-speed driving, and even severely affect the lifespan of tires.

◆ The damage caused by sudden braking to the brake pads is also very serious, including partial wear and shorter service life of the brake pads.


2

It is likely to cause injury to the occupant

Sudden braking may cause some injuries to the occupant in the vehicle. If the occupant is not wearing a seat belt, the consequences may be serious.


◆ It has been reported that a truck loaded with steel pipes suddenly braked at high speed due to unexpected conditions, resulting in loss of control of direction, and three people in the cab were seriously injured; a bus driver’s sudden braking caused injuries to the passenger whose mouth slammed against the front seat; a vehicle driving at a high speed was seriously damaged by crashing against the highway guardrail due to a sudden braking. Thus, no matter what type of vehicle, sudden braking may cause injury to the occupant in the vehicle.

◆ When suddenly braking, the vehicle is also prone to side slippage, losing control of direction and leading to traffic accidents. Sudden braking of the vehicle in the front may cause rear-end collisions and casualties if the following vehicles a

3

How to avoid sudden braking

How to avoid sudden braking

Sudden braking is a maneuver executed in extreme situations, generally at high speeds. In everyday driving, pay attention to the following points to avoid or reduce the occurrence of sudden braking.


◆ Obey the traffic rules, do not engage in speeding, drive courteously and do not cut into lanes. Keep an appropriate safety distance when you follow the front vehicle.

◆ Do not change lanes at will, do not rush changing traffic lights at the intersection, and take the initiative to avoid non-motorized vehicles and pedestrians, especially when your vision is obscured by rain.

◆ Concentrate on driving, do not answer the phone while driving, never allow your vision to leave the front, always pay attention to road conditions and be alert to possible situations.

◆ It is important to develop good driving habits. If you are not focused while driving, you may be easy to panic if an emergency arises, and even may step on the accelerator pedal instead of the brake pedal, causing more serious accidents. If you are not familiar with the vehicle, you are more likely to make mistakes while driving. It is necessary to distinguish the pedal positions between the automatic and manual transmission vehicles, and distinguish between the accelerator pedal and the brake pedal, so as to avoid operation errors in the event of an emergency.



Given the above, we can see that sudden braking offers many hazards and should be avoided as much as possible. Obeying traffic regulations, developing good driving habits, consciously decelerating beforehand and pre-braking are the basic principles for avoiding sudden braking.


For a new vehicle or if the brake pads have just been replaced, the brake discs and brake pads are still in the running-in period, and the brake system has not yet reached optimal working condition, it is even more important to avoid sudden braking. In addition, brake parts such as brake pads are among the most frequently used components in everyday driving and should be regularly maintained. Such parts should be replaced with high-quality products so as to avoid potential troubles.


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